Macular Degeneration Prevention

Avoiding the risk factors for macular degeneration may help prevent it. This includes avoiding tobacco smoke and eating a diet low in saturated fat and rich in antioxidants. Some doctors suggest that wearing UV-blocking sunglasses reduces risk. Use of estrogen in postmenopausal women is associated with a lower risk of developing ARMD.

Key Terms

DrusenTiny yellow dots on the retina that can be soft or hard and that usually do not interfere with vision.

FoveaA tiny pit in the macula that is responsible for sharp vision.

NeovascularizationGrowth of new capillaries.

PhotoreceptorsSpecialized nerve cells (rods and cones) in the retina that are responsible for vision.

RetinaThe light-sensitive membrane at the back of the eye that images are focused on. The retina sends the images to the brain via the optic nerve.

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