The eyes should be protected from UV radiation by wearing glasses with a special coating. Dark lenses alone are not sufficient, but the lenses must be coated to filter out UV light (specifically, UV-A and UV-B). Antioxidants also may help prevent cataracts by reducing free radicals that can damage lens proteins. A healthy diet rich in sources of antioxidants, including citrus fruits, sweet potatoes, carrots, green leafy vegetables, and/or vitamin supplements, may be beneficial. When taking certain medications, such as steroids, more frequent eye exams may be necessary. Patients should also be told not to smoke.
GlaucomaDisease of the eye characterized by increased pressure of the fluid inside the eye. Untreated, glaucoma can lead to blindness.
Ultraviolet radiation (UV)Invisible light rays that may be responsible for sunburns, skin cancers, and cataract formation.
UveitisInflammation of the uvea. The uvea is a continuous layer of tissue which consists of the iris, the ciliary body, and the choroid. The uvea lies between the retina and sclera.